Book Manuscript

  • “A Global South Divided: Developing Countries in International Environmental Negotiations"

Peer-reviewed Publications (English)

Yang, Shiming. 2020. ‘Trade for the Environment: Transboundary Hazardous Waste Movements after the Basel Convention.” Review of Policy Research, 37(5): 713-738. 

Why countries trade hazardous wastes, and what can international environmental regimes do to minimize negative impacts of such trade?  Hazardous wastes are not only defined by their environmental impacts, but are also distinct in the ways they are generated, distributed and managed. This article argues that global economic integration commodifies hazardous wastes, and countries are increasingly diverging on their views of hazardous materials. Industrialized countries trade the largest amounts of hazardous wastes and with considerable specialization. Newly industrializing countries have become influential players in hazardous waste generation and management. Least-developed countries oppose waste trade yet suffer from waste dumping.  Contrary to its current trade minimization approach based on a crude North-South dichotomy, the Basel Convention may benefit from an approach that motivates capable countries to import wastes and one that builds capacity for intended waste importers.


Yang, Shiming. 2019. "Fiscal Decentralization or Centralization: Diverging Paths of Chinese Cities." China & World Economy, (27) 3: 102-125.

​If fiscal decentralization promotes growth, why do some regions decentralize more than others? Fiscal decentralization and its economy-liberalizing effect entail significant short-term fiscal risk. The more a locality relies on uncompetitive business ownership for fiscal revenue, the less likely fiscal decentralization is to occur. This article compiles a dataset of 20 provincial capitals between 1999 and 2016 to link  a city’s tax base with its fiscal centralization level. It then pairs two “most similar” cities to trace how fiscal security concerns drove their fiscal and economic policies apart. By pointing out the fiscal constraints confronting local governments, it offers a new angle to understand the different growth paths of Chinese cities.

Peer-reviewed Publications (Chinese)

Zhongmei Lv, Shiming Yang. 2021. “Environmental Law Enforcement in the United States: Environmental Public Interest Remedy.” Journal of Social Science of Hunan Normal University. 50(2): 18-30.


How is environment remedied after damaged? Who pays for the damage and who restores the environment?

Zhongmei Lv, Shiming Yang. 2018. ‘‘The Environmental Health Regulatory System: Experience of the United States,” Chinese Journal of Environmental Management . 2018(2): 19-25.

This article studies EPA-HHS cooperation at national and local levels in terms of rule- making and environmental incident management. 

Zhongmei Lv, Shiming Yang, 2017. ‘‘Controlling Environmental and Public Health Risk: Lessons from Environmental Standard-making of the United States,” Chinese Journal of Environmental Management . 2017 (1):52-58.

This article studies environmental standard making of the United States. The US approach of protecting public health with environmental quality standards gives important insight into solving the institutional fragmentation and unclear mandate problems in China’s environmental regulation.

Working Papers 

  • "Environmental and Public Health Cooperation: A Comparative Analysis of the United States and China" with Lv Zhongmei. (Under Review)

  • "The Emerging Divergence within the Global South: Evidence from Negotiation Documents."

  • "Competition for Global Climate Leadership: The China-India Divergence at the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol."

Other Publications/Media